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Thursday, 26 November 2015

Troublesome Spacebar: 1937 Royal Portable Typewriter

With prompt advice from Nick Bodemer and Richard Polt, I was able to get the platen out of this 1937 Royal portable, so I could investigate possible corrosion on the feed roller plate. The rod had refused to move more than a few inches. Nick suggested lots of lubrication and some firm toggling, which eventually worked and allowed me to pull the rod out from the right side (with a gentle tap of a hammer, as put forward by Richard). 
Now, however, I am stumped by another problem. I noticed the spacebar was a little too far back, almost under the front bank of keys, and at a slight angle. It was nonetheless working fine.
There are no bends in the arms of the spacebar, so the cause of the angle had to be elsewhere. Sure enough, underneath the machine, the rod on to which the arms attach is at a very pronounced angle. One end of the rod has come away from its slot and is wobbling about freely, back and forward - and in doing so disrupting the movement of the ribbon colour switch and the shift key and shift lock.
This photo shows the angle of the spacebar
Easily fixed, or so I thought. Once the rod was slotted back into place, it lined up properly, as did the spacebar. But the spacebar just refused to budge. (Yes, the tabs under the spacebar are under the front lip, so that's not what's stopping the spacebar moving.) I suspect now that a previous owner might have pulled the rod out from its slot, for this very reason. There must be something preventing the rod turning in its slots and the arms moving up and down, something which I cannot spot. As I said, the spacebar works OK without the rod being properly attached, but it moves all over the place and interferes with the shift mechanism. I assumed the rod and its arms would simply pivot once it was slotted in, but it doesn't.
Any thoughts? Am I missing something?

Memories Are Made of This - Death of a Good Guy 2: Champion of Everything

Yes, it's the same bloke! Appearing in The Canberra Times on February 5, 1989, more than eight years before I arrived here! This photo illustrated part of a series of articles on health and fitness Norman Harris wrote and which were syndicated by London's The Independent. The series was developed from Norman's 1982 book, The Sports Health Handbook. As with rock 'n' roll, I was constantly a good few years behind Norman!
At the very moment my friend Norman Harris dropped down dead in a street in Richmond, London, last Friday (quite close to where, 40 years earlier, he and I used to sit together in the Press Box at Twickenham rugby stadium) I was in Canberra, Australia, busily trying to find Norman on the Internet, so I could get back in touch with him. I did find a postal address in Hexham, on Wesley Cottage Shield Street, Allendale, but not an email address, so it was going to have to be a typewritten letter. Too late, she cried! More of that exceedingly spooky coincidence later ... 
Peter Snell beats Keith Forman of Oregon University to win for New Zealand
the 4 x one mile relay "Test" and world record attempt at Trafalgar Park in Nelson
in early January 1963, one of the most memorable sporting events I have ever seen.
In his book about Oregon coach Bill Bowerman (creator of the Nike running shoe), former
champion US athlete Kenny Moore quotes Bowerman on how close Forman came to
holding Snell off. That's not my 52-year-old recollection of how it happened.
Snell put in a blistering sprint at the end of the back straight, and went past Forman
as if Forman had been hit by a shotgun. By the way, Bowerman picked up the jogging craze in New Zealand at this time and took it to the US - the word "jogging" having been coined by Norman Harris.
Writing a tribute to my old friend yesterday recalled many very special memories. Among the myriad of things I admired about Norman as a journalist was his indomitable grit and persistence in getting a story. On May 24, 1976, I was sitting in a hotel room in what I regarded as "the end of the earth", Palmerston North in the Manawatu in New Zealand, when, unexpectedly, the phone rang. It was Norman, calling from London, 11,632 miles away. How he had succeeded in tracking me down to that room, at that time and on that day, in that place, I shall never now know. It wasn't like to me to stay put in the one spot for very long. Maybe Norman just got lucky. But with Norman, it usually had a lot more to do with exceedingly good planning, organisation and execution.
Norman Read wins the 50km walk in Melbourne in 1956.
We both worked for the sports section of London's venerable The Sunday Times, Norman as a staff member and me as an Irish "stringer" (a well-paid and fulfilling gig for which I'm sure I had Norman to thank). The Sunday Times was planning a colour magazine special edition leading into the Montreal Olympic Games in July of that year, and Norman had determined it should include a lengthy feature on Norman Read. Read was an Englishman who, denied the chance to represent Great Britain and Northern Ireland at the 1956 Olympic Games in Melbourne, switched allegiance and stunned his countrymen, both old and new, by winning the 50km walk gold medal for New Zealand. Twenty years later, Norman Harris had in mind a "Where is he now?" piece. He knew where Read was (in New Plymouth) and put me in contact with the walker for an interview. I remember it as one of the best poundings I ever gave my Olivetti Lettera 32 portable typewriter - the story ran to some 1300 words, as I recall. Of course, Norman Harris had arranged for it to be cabled to London.
In Palmerston North, 1976
It was one of many assignments that I was happy for Norman to send my way. Over a period of almost 20 years, our paths crossed frequently, and I never found him anything other than gracious, humble, helpful and friendly. If only I could say as much for many other journalists I worked alongside, especially in the mid-70s. I like to think that in small ways I was able to return the favours: a lift to the airport here, a tip-off on a possible story there. When I returned to Australia and re-married, my well-to-do English mother-in-law asked what I wanted for Christmas. I told her an annual subscription to The Sunday Times, so I could keep abreast of Norman's writings. Not once was I ever less than impressed by anything he wrote.
Norman's father (Norman always called him "Father") was intensely proud of his son's writings but never overtly so. My dad was a little different, in that he took the attitude "Until you start earning money from it, I'll take you to any event, and arrange for you to meet any person who will assist you in achieving your ambition." Thus I got to meet Norman Harris for the first time, at a little stadium called Trafalgar Park in a cathedral city called Nelson, on January 5, 1963. I was not yet 15, but already an avid reader of Norman's athletics stories.
Fantastic image of 1964 Olympic Games 1500m bronze medallist, the late John Davies,
trying to shake off Oregon's Dyrol Burleson in Nelson. Burleson, sixth behind Herb Elliott in the 1500m at the 1960 Rome Olympics, was scheduled to run the last leg against Snell, but in an unsuccessful tactical move, switched places with Forman. Burleson thought he could give Forman a start on Snell - bad move! He had underestimated Davies' ability.
The event was an international track and field meeting of which the high point would be an unusual match race, a 4 x one mile "Test" between world record holders Oregon University and former world record holders New Zealand (which had broken the record at Santry Stadium in Dublin in 1961). The first "Test", at Eden Park in Auckland, had turned into a farce after Oregon's lead miler, a Canadian called Vic Reeve, tripped on a small flag post and fell as he rounded the last bend entering the home stretch on the first leg (these flag posts were not used in America). So a second "Test" was organised for the end of the tour, in Nelson, and my dad drove me there and back in a day (with my brother Ron and rugby friends Neil McAra and Brian Vieceli). It was a wonderful afternoon, capped by a marvellous, unforgettable race. The teams, far more concerned with winning than times, went nowhere near the world record, but what an incredible contest of wills! It wasn't the first time I'd seen Peter Snell run (that was in Greymouth in 1961), but boy I'd never seen anyone move that fast and that smoothly at the end of a mile (and only once since, in the form of John Walker at Belfield in Dublin in 1977). 
One of Norman Harris' special heroes, world long distance record breaker Bill Baillie,
leads off for New Zealand in Nelson against Canadian Vic Reeve.
Even at this point, our hearts were pounding with the intense excitement!
Among the tensely packed crowd of 13,000 at Trafalgar Park that day were two young locals, future champions John Dixon and his brilliant brother, the then (also) 14-year-old Rod (Olympic 1500m bronze medallist in Montreal and New York Marathon winner). In early 1969 I was sports editor of the Nelson Evening Post (at age 20!) and was at Trafalgar Park one evening when John and Rod attempted to break four minutes for the mile on that grass track. A few weeks later I was at the Recreation Ground in Greymouth when John Dixon erased Peter Snell's West Coast half-mile record, which I'd seen Snell set (in fact I held the finish tape) on the War Memorial Ground in Greymouth in 1961. Small world, small coincidences that stick in the memory!
Me, right, watching John Dixon run at the "Rec" in 1969. 
Trevor Sweeney is at the mike on the left.
Gary Philpott ran in the New Zealand 4 x one mile relay team
which set a world record at Santry Stadium in Dublin later that same year.
The great Murray Halberg, long past his best miling days (he had raced in
the Mile of the Century against Roger Bannister and John Landy in Vancouver
in 1954, with Baillie, and in the Melbourne Olympics 1500m final, with Neville Scott,
as well as against Herb Elliott in Elliott's world mile record performance at
Santry Stadium in Dublin in 1958). 
Here is Halberg in Nelson running the second leg of the relay against
Archie San Romani Jr. Archie's dad had been a champion middle-distance athlete
in the Jack Lovelock era before World War II, and set a world 2000m record
of 5min 16.8 in Helsinki in 1937. It stood for five years.
Above, the Oregon team of 1962-63 - from left, San Romani, Reeve, Burleson and Forman. Below, the New Zealand team in Dublin in 1961, from left, Philpott, Halberg, marathoner Barry Magee and Snell.
Snell wins a half-mile at an empty White City in London in June 1961.
Daylight was second, third, fourth and fifth.
I arrived at The New Zealand Herald sports department in Auckland in late 1967, almost two years after Norman had decamped for England. He was eight years ahead of me in age and probably a decade ahead of me in just about everything else (except for his writing, which I could never match). He even wrote of The Canberra Times long before I did! He found the soothing delights of Skibbereen in Ireland before me. Wherever he'd been, it seemed I followed, although more often from coincidence than design. Those coincidences came to haunt me last week when I went looking for where Norman was. My next port of call in this search was going to be a good mutual friend, Ron Palenski in Dunedin, but it was too late at night to be bothering Ron. The next morning Ron let me know Norman was dead. 
Back in the 70s, undaunted by the gap between us, I kept on pursing. I had long since decided that Norman's was the path to follow for a would-be Fleet Street sportswriter. In late 1972 the BBC flew me to London twice for interviews for a job with its Overseas News Service sports unit. Each time I took the opportunity to call in on Norman at Gray's Inn Road, and my happy ties with The Sunday Times started there. I also saw Norman during the 1972-73 All Blacks rugby tour, but fortunately wasn't at Peebles the day he was clobbered by Keith Murdoch (otherwise I'd have probably got involved, and also come off second-best). Norman did tell me what happened, but not the sanitised family-friendly version now found online. There was, Norman said, another reason Murdoch wanted into that hotel room.
Norman and I caught up again during the 1974 All Blacks tour and twice at the Crystal Palace track in London in 1975, once on a sunny Saturday afternoon (May 31), the other time on a warm Friday evening (August 29). I was in Nottingham covering the world rowing championships at Holme Pierrepont when John Rodda of The Guardian suggested he organise press passes and we jump into his red Mini, drive down to London, and watch New Zealander John Walker and Rod Dixon run in a mile event, after the rowing semi-finals had finished. Walker was Snell's successor as the world's greatest miler, the first man to run under 3min 50sec (in Gothenburg on August 12). 
This Walker-Dixon tour of 1975 led to Ivan Agnew's book Kiwis Can Fly. I had worked with Ivan in Greymouth from 1965-67, and the last time I had seen him was in the Press Box at Carlaw Park in Auckland during an Australia-New Zealand rugby league Test in June 1971, which I covered for The Australian. Lo and behold, I walked into the Press Box at Crystal Palace in London that August 1975 evening, and found myself sitting beside Ivan and in front of Norman!
John Walker, left, and Rod Dixon, centre, beaten by Filbert Bayi of Tanzania in a world record time in the 1500m final at the Commonwealth Games in Christchurch, New Zealand, in 1974. The bloke who ran last in this race was Randall Markey,  a fellow former West Australian journalist and a close friend of mine. He took a scholarship to Oregon University and now works in Canberra. Gee, it is a small world!
One regret I have is that Norman was still not writing athletics in New Zealand when my friend Dave McKenzie came along and won the 1967 Boston Marathon in record time, then ran 2hr 12min 25sec (still a very fast time) in Fukuoka. Dave, who was a printer at The Greymouth Evening Star when I started there as a cadet reporter in 1965, ran in two Olympic Games marathons, in Mexico City in 1968 and Munich in 1972. He'd have been perfect material for one of Norman's in-depth books about the running obsession, like his work on Neville Scott. Norman spoke on Radio New Zealand about distance runners being totally self-absorbed while competing. Dave loved horse racing, even more than running (his favourite story of mine was about the Melbourne Cup, not about him!), and Harry Van Looy, a Dutch immigrant and marathon runner who died in the 1967 Strongman mine disaster, often surmised that Dave thought of himself as Phar Lap when he ran marathons. It's a notion into which Norman would doubtless have delved. By the way, Dave had a very close friendship and rivalry with another Runanga runner, English cross-country champion Eddie Gray, who was a cousin of Ivan Agnew. Did I say it's a small world?
Dave McKenzie, wearing the "G" for the Greymouth Amateur Athletic Club,
breaks clear of the pack and heads for his win in a record time of 2hr 15min 45sec 
in a wet and windy Boston Marathon in 1967.
In everything he did, of course, Norman was as professional as they come. He prided himself on that. So it was a bit sad to read in his 2010 autobiography Beyond Cook's Gardens: A Writer's Journey that, 26 years after the event, he was still smarting about the one great gaff in his 55-year career. It happened at Lansdowne Road in Dublin on February 4, 1984, when a desperate Wales beat Ireland in a rugby union international. Norman had been meticulous in his planning to cover the match, yet he missed the identity of the Welsh try scorer. He got No 13 instead of No 12 (or was it the other way around?). In the excitement and the confusion, he turned for confirmation of his assumption to an off-duty Irish journalist, and got the wrong nod. Reading this, I felt awful, but at the same time kind of grateful I'd ceased covering Irish rugby five years previously, and was no longer sitting alongside Norman in the Lansdowne Road Press Box. It wasn't my fault Norman got the wrong man into his newspaper's first edition, and was left lamenting it for more than a quarter of a century, but I still hated reading that it happened.
Good friends were always only too willing to help Norman, because he was always a good guy. Toward the end of his life, Christopher Martin-Jenkins got him the gig of covering Durham county cricket for The Times, which he continued until 2013. That was merely one last favour. He was fully entitled to that.

Wednesday, 25 November 2015

Death of a Good Guy: Vale Norman Harris, Sports Writer Par Excellence, Creator of the word Jogging

'To A.G. Macdonell and Hugh de Selincourt and other celebrated writers on village cricket, one must now add the name of Norman Harris.'
- E.W. Swanton, The Cricketer
'[Norman Harris] has a sympathy for athletes, and the typewriter to take facts and events and mould them into something really stirring.'
- Noel Chappell, The New Zealand Herald
'I've had an interesting and varied career. Always independent, which made it interesting.'
- Norman Harris on Radio New Zealand National
Norman Hillier Harris
Born on January 24, 1940, at Te Kowhai, Ngaruawahia, outside Hamilton in the Waikato, New Zealand. He died suddenly in Richmond, London, on November 20, 2015, aged 75. He was married once, to Jane (born 1954) in 1983. They divorced in 1996.
He was educated at Te Kowhai Primary School, Hamilton High School and Auckland University.
FAMILY: Norman was the youngest of six children born to Robert Edward Harris and his wife, Rubina Rose, née Moore. Robert Edward Harris was born at St Ives, Cornwall, England, on October 8, 1893. Robert's father, William Harris (1855-1941) was also born in St Ives. He settled in New Zealand in 1879 and established a farm at Te Kowhai, but was living back in England at the time of Robert's birth. William was also a prominent Methodist lay preacher in the Waikato. Robert Harris worked on and eventually took over his father's farm, and specialised in bee keeping. He enlisted in the New Zealand Expeditionary Force, New Zealand Rifle Brigade, 3rd Battalion, A Company in February 1916, and on his 23rd birthday, October 8, 1916, his family received a telegram from Wellington saying he had been killed in action. Three days later it was found that Rifleman Harris was still alive. For many years Norman Harris kept a photograph of his father being met by his grandfather William and Methodist preacher-editor uncle George (a conscientious objector) at Frankton Junction railway station in 1919. Robert Harris died in Hamilton on March 25, 1970, aged 76. His wife Rubina died in Hamilton of January 2, 1973, aged 75.
Originally intending to be a teacher, Norman Harris gained a scholarship to Auckland University and trained there for six months in 1957, before applying for a position with the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation in Auckland. Travelling to his studies one day, he saw a group of boys taunting a pensioner. Harris began to have visions of writing - starting with The Old Man on the Bus, along the lines of something he had seen in O. Henry's Full House movie in 1952. His story was never completed, but Harris' focus had changed.
The closest the NZBC could find to the journalist's job he wanted was as a radio copywriting assistant (writing schedules) for Station 3XC in Timaru. He later transferred back to his home city of Hamilton, to work for 1XH. In the meantime, in his absence, his parents had applied to The New Zealand Herald in Auckland on his behalf, and in 1959 he took up a cadetship as a 19-year-old reporter. In a sports writing career lasting 55 years, he most notably worked for The Sunday Times and The Observer in London, and in his later years was appointed Durham cricket correspondent for The Times, the newspaper he had wanted to work for since he was a young man.
As a youngster at Te Kowhai primary, Norman Harris had an ambition to score an unbeaten 50 in lunchtime cricket sessions on the school sports ground. Under the watchful eye of his beloved headmaster John Ballance Hostick, Harris built the innings over a number of days, but was caught on the boundary on 49. The upshot both scarred and inspired him. He was jeered by his classmates, who threw him into the gorse. His revenge was to dream up a story, Birth of a God, in which the hero becomes a Test cricketer and scores a century, to envy and admiration in equal measure from his old school friends. The NZBC turned the story into a radio broadcast, which in reality won warm reviews and Harris some stinting praise from workmates at the Herald.
It was the only piece of fiction Harris ever wrote. His mentor at the Herald was the great New Zealand sportswriter Terence Power McLean (later Sir Terence), who Harris came to believe had once harboured unfulfilled dreams of being a novelist. Harris' goal was simply to become a cricket writer. But he got his first break as an athletics reporter, covering an international track meeting at Eden Park in Auckland in early 1962. McLean phoned him the next day, uncharacteristically heaping praise on the second-year cadet's work. Later, McLean took Harris to one side, suggesting Harris' future lay not in newspaper journalism, but in real writing. Oddly, one of the last of Harris' many fine books, Scottie, the story Neville Ian Scott, of an Olympic athlete afflicted by alcoholism, is listed by Amazon as fiction. It's a sports story Harris had waited since that meeting in 1962 to tackle, and is indeed one almost too incredible to be true. 
Like many great sports journalists, Harris had an incredibly retentive memory. In writing his 2010 autobiography, Beyond Cook's Gardens: A Writer's Journey (inspired by Matthew Parris' Chance Witness: An Outsider's Life in Politics), Harris recalled the exact time, place and day on which his young world changed forever. He was lying in bed listening to the NZBC radio news at 7 o'clock on the morning of Saturday, September 3, 1960, in his flat on View Road, Mount Eden, close to Eden Park and Murray Gordon Halberg's furniture store on Dominion Road. The lead item was that two New Zealanders, Halberg (5000 metres) and Peter George Snell (800 metres), had, within the space of half an hour, won Olympic Games gold medals on the rust red track at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome.
Both athletes were coached by Arthur Leslie Lydiard, who Harris had interviewed in Auckland months before the Olympics. Lydiard took an instant shine to Harris, sensing he "understood" runners and running, and was able to grasp Lydiard's training philosophy. 
The day after the Rome triumphs, Harris went into the Herald offices on Wyndham Street and found the newsroom in a flap, trying to drag anything and everything together in order to do this remarkable achievement some justice. Harris mentioned he'd interviewed Lydiard. Suddenly he was taken into a small room in the middle of the editorial floor, sat at a desk with a typewriter and a phone, and told to write to his heart's content. The article appeared as "The Man Behind the Gold Medals" by a "Special Herald Correspondent" - Harris' first byline, of sorts. 
During the next four years Harris was to become the world's foremost track and field writer, producing "perhaps the finest writing on athletics in the English language". And he had plenty to write about. Snell and Halberg competed against international competition in New Zealand in early 1961 and later that year went on a world record-breaking spree in Europe. The high points came on another international tour of New Zealand, in early 1962, when Snell broke the world mile record at Cook's Garden, Wanganui, and the world 800 metres-880 yards records in Christchurch. As carbon copies of Herald news stories went to the New Zealand Press Association, Harris' coverage of these races reached around the globe - including, to his great delight, The Times on Fleet Street.
By the end of 1962 Harris had realised that finding his own way to Fleet Street required taking matters into his own hands. He paid his way to Western Australia to cover the Commonwealth Games, where Snell and Halberg once again dominated the track. Using the example of a Herald sports department colleague Bruce Montgomerie, who produced a rugby league annual, Harris published his first book, Silver Fern in Perth, in black and white on glossy paper, and selling for a mere 3 shillings. Adding insult to injury, the Herald charged him £1000 to print it, but Harris offset that cost with adverts, no holds barred, from corsets to beer. The exercise paid off handsomely - Harris was seen as the authority on a sport which had grabbed the attention of all New Zealanders. In 1963 he brought out a New Zealand Athletics Almanac. His next two books, this time in hard cover from Reed, remain outstanding works in the entire genre of sports literature: Lap of Honour (1963) and The Legend of Lovelock (1964).
Yet it was a short news story Harris had written for the Herald and which appeared as a small, single-column item on February 16, 1962, which was to make perhaps Harris' most famous contribution to the English language: he introduced the word "jogger".  During a live interview with Radio New Zealand National in 2013, a listener texted in to say the word "jog" had been around since Shakespeare's time. Harris replied that his Oxford English Dictionary of 1961 did not have the words "jogger" or "jogging". He was right. They did not exist before he described a group of veteran Auckland runners as "joggers".

After covering the 1964 Olympic Games in Tokyo, where Snell won the 800-1500 metres double, and more Snell world records in Auckland later that year, Harris took the opportunity to follow Snell on an unsuccessful tour to Europe in 1965. Perhaps sensing the goose that laid the golden egg was now on its last legs, Harris decided to stay in Britain, though he also covered the 1966 Commonwealth Games in Jamaica. He did all sorts of odd jobs, such as covering the amateur Tour de France and representing New Zealand at an International Weightlifting Federation meeting in Iran. In the meantime he had ventured into rugby book writing and, having competed in a marathon in 1960 and a road cycling race the next year, wrote Champion of Nothing: The Testament of a Journalist-Athlete. This title referred to his lack of sporting prowess, not his skill and diligence in writing books. Harris begun collaborating with Australian runner Ron Clarke on another athletics book, The Lonely Breed, which he completed in Skibbereen in Ireland. In London he wrote Kiri: Music and a Maori Girl about New Zealand opera singer Kiri Te Kanawa, a book on cricket, another with Olympic champion Mary Rand, and yet another on soccer's Charlton brothers. More books were produced in partnership with BBC sports commentator David Coleman. 
In 1969 Harris returned to sports journalism with London's The Sunday Times and went on in 1978 to establish the Sunday Times National Fun Run over 4km in Hyde Park with his sports editor John Lovesey and former Olympic champion Chris Brasher. Harris was a director of the company controlling the run, as well as company secretary. He was also a pioneer in furthering the sport of orienteering. In 1981 Brasher took the Fun Run further in establishing the now famous London Marathon.

But Harris continued to interest himself in many matters beyond sport, and his eclectic range of lasting heroes and heroines was revealed in his 1971 book about expatriate New Zealanders, Fly Away People. The subjects included motor racer Chris Amon, US rocket scientist Bill Pickering, actress Nyree Dawn Porter, historian and classicist Sir Ronald SymeBritish Labour politician and barrister John Faithful Fortescue Platts-Mills QC, and Southern Rhodesian Prime Minister Sir Reginald Stephen Garfield Todd, the last two being particular favourites of Harris'. However, Harris' admiration for New Zealanders didn't always extend to All Black rugby players, as he was assaulted by notorious prop forward Keith Murdoch in a hotel while covering the 1972-73 tour of Britain, Ireland and France. Still, Harris' love of long distance running remained keen to the end, and in 2013 he wrote At Last He Comes: The Greatest Race in History about the 1908 London Olympics marathon.
Harris spent his last years out of the mainstream, covering Durham county cricket and living in Hexham in Northumberland. On a visit to London to go to a movie and have dinner afterwards, Harris collapsed in a street in Richmond and died.