Here is a small army of women typesetting the Chicago Daily Tribune on November 25, 1947, using VariTyper typewriters. This was the second night of a 22-month-long printers strike, which meant the Daily Tribune could not be typeset on Linotype machines.
I mentioned the use of the VariTyper (seen below, from the Richard Polt Collection) for this purpose in my post on the machine on July 18: http://oztypewriter.blogspot.com/2011/07/on-this-day-in-typewriter-history-lviii.html
This quotes from a Time article of 1948, which looks at Oakland-born Richard Cramer Coxhead (below), his development of the VariTyper and the typewriter’s use in various newspapers during the late 1940s printers strikes.
In May last year, there had been a discussion on the Yahoo typewriter forum about this. See http://groups.yahoo.com/group/TYPEWRITERS/message/45121
In this, David Sadowski wrote:
“In 1947, typesetters went on a 22-month strike against the Chicago Tribune and other Chicago dailies. The [newspapers] maintained publication by using photoengraving.
“While the strike was on, the Tribune printed their famous mistake headline “Dewey Defeats Truman” in the early editions of the November 3, 1948, paper."
David checked out Richard Norton Smith’s biography The Colonel: The Life and Legend of Robert R. McCormick (1997) and quoted from it: “McCormick hadn't the stomach for personal confrontation, at least not at this stage in his life, but that didn't mean he was unprepared for a strike or reluctant to engage in a test of wills with militant union leaders. Hidden away from the ITU was the Tribune's secret weapon: the VariTyper, an ungainly machine that produced columns of identical type in a typeface corresponding to the familiar Linotype process.
“First employed two years earlier to frustrate a work stoppage in San Antonio, the advanced typewriter represented the cutting edge of newspaper technology, which threatened the union and its members with obsolescence.”
The book goes on:
David adds that “later in the book, the strike's impact on the Dewey Defeats Truman debacle is discussed at length. Because of the new production method, it took two hours to get something into the paper. So, on election night, the Trib composed their first editions even before the polls were closed.
"They relied on a pundit's notion that Dewey would win, and continued to run that headline, even after returns started coming in showing Truman making a strong showing.”